1860 April 24 Instructions to Joseph W. Young


1860 April 24 Instructions to Joseph W. Young


Joseph Young is appointed Captain of the emigration. Instructions are given to the general Company, Camp guard, Cattle guard and Missionaries.




Brigham Young


Joseph W. Young


1860 April 24


Great Salt Lake City


Overland Travel

Item sets


Presidents Office.
G.S.L. City, April 24, 1860.

To Elder Joseph W. Young and all in his company while crossing the plains to Florence, N.T., while at or near that place, and during their return to this City.

Brethren:-- We appoint Elder Joseph W. Young to be the Captain of the Company, and wish him to organize it, appoint a Chaplain, arrange the Police or Camp Guard and appoint their Captain, and detail the Cattle Guard and appoint Ansel Harmon their Captain.

The Company will assemble and attend prayers each day, with the exception of the Cattle Guard who may happen to be, at the time, absent on duty.

There must be no swearing, no drunkenness, no gambling, no contention, no unreasonable whipping or other abuse of cattle, nor any conduct contrary to good order and the welfare of the Company and the proper observance of each others rights; and whoever fails in observing these specifications, and persists in so doing, and will not give heed to these instructions and those of the person or persons in charge over him, should be discharged and turned out of the Company.

It is the duty of the Police or Camp Guard to be careful that the camp fires do no damage to prevent marauders from molesting or disturbing the camp, to preserve peace and good order, and to observe such other instructions as may be given them by the Captain of the company.

The four men detailed as Cattle Guard are required to be vigilant in the care of the oxen when out of the yoke, and to be careful that the animals have the best opportunities that circumstances will permit for obtaining sufficient food and grass of the best quality the locality will afford; and, to enable them to fulfill these requirements and otherwise properly look after the animals when not travelling, they are relieved from the performance of other duties, farther than they may choose to assist therein, and are to be afforded facilities [line cut off in typescript] the train is in motion, whenever they wish so to do. The riding animals required by the Cattle Guard must not be ridden in the day time, except in attending to the cattle while unyoked, or in case of necessity.

Whenever camp is made where water and the best grass are some distance apart, be careful to have all the animals watered before they are driven to grass.

No charge will be made for the transportation of the Missionaries and their baggage, but they are expected to assist in driving teams, in standing camp guard, and in performing such other duties as will promote the welfare and good progress of the company.

The Company must not tarry in Florence or its neighborhood any longer than is necessary to load the wagons; and if required to remain there for any length of time must camp on high ground some 3 or 4 miles back from the Missouri river, and near a spring or rivulet of as pure healthy water as the region affords.

The train will load freight in the following order:-- 1st, goods that will be furnished by Gen. H.S. Eldredge, and the singletrees, doubletrees, neckyokes and wagon seats now in the warehouse in Florence; 2nd, Mr. E.R. Young's machinery at Florence, if it can be had; 3d such articles in the aforesaid warehouse as individuals here have sent for, and such other articles in said warehouse as will be of most use in Utah; 4th such persons wishing to come here as are unable to furnish teams and wagons for their transportation.

Captain Joseph W. Young will be held responsible for the conduct, property, Management, and rate of travel of the train, and will so regulate the days' travel in going down and so herd the cattle when near Florence as to keep them in the best possible condition for the return trip.

Each teamster receiving loading, both here and in Florence, must give Cap. J.W. Young a receipt of the kind and weight of said loading.

Every person in the company will provide himself with suitable arms and ammunition, so far as practicable, and be careful that they are always in good condition for use at a moment's notice.

May the Lord God of Israel guide and bless you all in your travelings and campings, and in every effort you may make for the prosperity of His cause upon the earth, is the prayer of

Your Brother in the Gospel,


Brigham Young
Heber C. Kimball
D.H. Wells